India Enacts New Legislation to Protect Those Internally Displaced by Development Projects
INDR’s own Michael Cernea reviews in an OPED article on the Brookings Institution website on the new Act just adopted by India’s Parliament, entitled The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Resettlement and Rehabilitation Act”(LARR) 2013. The new law repeals and replaces India’s 119 year-old, colonial Land Acquisition Act (LAA) of 1894, empowering farming families with the right of prior consent to land acquisition for some sub-categories of development projects, too narrowly defined, and increasing compensation rates for land up to four times the market value of land in rural area, and of up to two times the market value of land in urban areas. Importantly, the new Land Act legislates the mandatory incorporation of a resettlement and rehabilitation plan in each main project causing displacement. Additional comments on critical issues of policy and human rights are forthcoming in a second part of this two parts article.
Last Updated (29, Oct 2013)
Resettlement News July Issue #28
Hari Mohan Mathur has recently published our latest Resettlement News issue for July 2013. It is titled “The World Bank is Bringing Back Big, Bad Dams.” Continue to read on.
Last Updated (9, Oct 2013)
- World Bank Positions
See World Bank job opportunities.
Last Updated (9, Oct 2013)
A Critical Review of the International Hydropower Association’s Draft Protocol for Assessing the Sustainability of Hydropower Dam Projects.
In 2009, the International Network on Displacement and Resettlement had critically reviewed the Draft Hydropower Sustainability Assessment Protocol (HSAP) prepared by the International Hydropower Association (IHA) and submitted for open discussion. The protocol aims to become a sustainability assessment matrix to measure and guide performance in the hydropower sector. Their approach was found wanting.
Last Updated (18, June 2013)
Spanish Translation of MMDA
The Mining Law Committee of the International Bar Association released a Spanish translation of the Model Mining Development Agreement which is now available at www.mmdaproject.org. The translation was undertaken by Chilean lawyer Maria de los Angeles Perez and the translation review was done by Quinzio & Cia Abogados in Santiago, Chile. Please contact Marketa Zubkova, email@example.com with any comments or questions.
Last Updated (Monday, 17 June 2013)
DIDR: The newest category of forced migrations
Ad Hoc Committee Member, Bogumil Terminski, has shared his publication entitled…
Development-Induced Displacement and Resettlement: The newest category of forced migrations, Losgraf Academic Publishers, Warsaw, 2012, (book in Polish).
The aim of this book is population displacement associated with economic development. According to specialists each year, over 15 000 000 people are forced to change their place of residence as a result of the implementation of development projects: the development of road and rail infrastructure, urbanization, construction of dams and irrigation projects, deforestation and resource extraction, development of agriculture, conservation of nature and population redistribution schemes. DIDR is currently one of the dominant categories of forced migration worldwide. The book pays attention to the examples of development-caused resettlement in Central in Eastern Europe, which is novelty in scientific literature.
The author analyzes the most important issues associated with development-induced displacement and resettlement
- Causes and consequences of development-induced displacement
- The most important causes of DIDR worldwide
- Legal context of this problem
- Activities of international institutions
- Basic forms of social resistance against DIDR
- Examples of development-caused involuntary resettlement in Central and Eastern Europe
The interdisciplinary nature of the book may be of interest for both academics (geographers, ethnographers, sociologists, political scientists, environmentalists and experts in the field of human rights) and all readers who want to understand the social consequences of contemporary economic development.
Bogumil Termiński is a specialist in the field of social and economic human rights and the social dimension of migration. He is the author of two books: International protection of migrant workers. Origins, Institutions and impact. (Warsaw University Press, 2011) and Environmentally-Induced Displacement: Theoretical Frameworks and Current Challenges (University of Liege, 2012), as well as a number of analytical reports published by international humanitarian institutions (including the UNHCR in Geneva).
Order via http://www.losgraf.pl/s/karta/id/445
ISBN 978-83-62726-71 – 4
Year of publication 2012
Ed Issue 1
MIDR: Social Problems and Human Rights Issue (A global perspective)
In addition to his publication, Bogumil offers a paper entitled Mining-Induced Displacement and Resettlement: Social Problem and Human Rights Issue (A global perspective). He present an 11 point outline of activities relevant to limiting impoverishment caused by mining.
Last Updated (Wednesday, 12 June 2013).
Citarum River Project (Indonesia)
Project Financing Postponed for Violating Asian Development Bank Forced Resettlement Standards
The Asian Development Bank Board of Directors have postponed further loan disbursement for the Citarum River Project (Integrated Citarum Water Resource Management Investment Program) until the forced relocation of the Affected People (app. 1300 households) done accordingly and with compliance to its policies.
The ABD accountability office, Office of Compliance Review Panel acted on a complaint from ARUM (an alliance of project affected people and NGOs). For those work on displacement issues, their report makes it clear that compensation must be timely and at replacement value. Moreover, the Indonesian project learned the consequences of not paying attention to the restoration of livelihoods.
posted by T. Downing. Original post in Assuring Accountability.
Last Updated (Monday, 10 June 2013)
20th NZASIA Biennial International Conference
On November 22-24 2013, the New Zealand Asian Studies Society is hosting their 20th biennial international conference in Auckland, with the theme of “Environment, Dislocation and Cultural Space.” This is an excellent entry point for DFDR researchers.
Please see the website www.nzasia2013.org.nz.
INDR colleagues, Jane Singer and INDR colleague Susanna Price, are putting together a panel entitled:
Concepts, Processes, and Case Studies of Development Forced Displacement (DFDR) and Climate Change-induced Displacement and Resettlement in Asia.
They now invite papers on the topic of Development Forced- or Climate Change- Induced Displacement and Resettlement in Asia – or on both. If you know of others who may wish to contribute, please forward this event.
If attendance is possible, please send a 200 world abstract directly to Susanna and Jane by close of business, June 5th. This will enable them to put together the panel(s) and to meet the deadline for NZASIA abstract submissions and panel proposals.
Last Updated (Thursday, 27 May 2013)
Manual de Entrenamiento – Training Manual
Capacitación para el manejo de riesgos en reasentamientos
INDR esteemed colleague, Michael Cernea, has released a new training manual in Spanish – translated by Prof. Scott Robinson and his team:
(Capacity building for resettlement risk management: Risk analysis and the risks and reconstruction model in population resettlement– training course).
“This training course is one of the tools to promote knowledge and dissemination as part of the program, REGIONAL TECHNICAL ASISTENA of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), focused on training for the Risks Administration during Relocations (RETA 6091). The theme of this particular program RETA, and this training course, is specifically dedicated to ‘building capacity to manage risks relocations associated with populations.” The countries benefiting from RETA 6091 are Cambodia, People’s Republic China (PRC) and India, but this instrument Training is designed to be used when necessary in other countries Asia and the Pacific.”- Michael Cernea.
Original page can be found under Professional Training.
Last Updated (Monday, 6 May 2013)
Ad Hoc Committee on Mining and Sustainable Development
Critique of the Model Mining Development Agreement Project
How are, or should, the rights and lives of local people be considered when governments and mining companies negotiate secret agreements, granting companies access to the subsoil beneath them?
Such agreements are usually secret – non-disclosed to those “in the way” but they may threaten the existence of groups with ill-defined property rights. Tribal and indigenous peoples are especially vulnerable since Government may have an adversarial role with them before the mining deal is negotiated.
In 2009, the Mining Law Committee of the International Bar Association collected and analyzed over 50 existing mine development agreements to prepare a Model Mining Development Agreement (MMDA) as a tool, or set of tools, that can be used by mining companies and host governments for mining projects. As a compilation of existing agreements, the resulting protocol did not pay attention to critical social and local economic issues that are increasingly being considered by the sector, particularly when they seek financial guarantees form international lenders.
INDR President Ted Downing appointed a talented committee, an Ad Hoc Committee on Mining and Sustainable Development, to critically review the draft protocol. On 11 April 2013, the INDR Committee presented their preliminary findings to Luke Danielson, a member of the Mining Law Committee and their revised version will be published shortly on this page.
Learn more about mining and forced displacement:
Avoiding New Poverty: Mining-induced displacement and resettlement. Theodore Downing 2002. London: International Institute for Environment and Development.
Mining and Indigenous Peoples: Stakeholder Strategies and Tactics. Indigenous Peoples and Mining. Theodore Downing, Carmen Garcia-Downing, Jerry Moles and Ian McIntosh. 2003 IN Finding Common Ground:Indigenous Peoples and their Association with the Mining Sector. World Business Council for Sustainable Development and the International Institute for Environment and Development (UK). P. 11-46.
World Bank Sponsored Conference on Management of Resettlement, Rehabilitation and Benefit Sharing
Administrative Staff College of India (ASCI), Hyderabad in partnership with the World Bank is organizing a two day International Conference on Management of Resettlement, Rehabilitation and Benefit Sharing (MLARR) on 20th and 21st May 2013. It is organized by the talented World Bank’s Lead Social Development Specialist, Chaohua Zhang.
Conference offers a cross country experience on Land Acquisition, Resettlement, Rehabilitation and benefit-sharing in infrastructure investments. It offers an excellent opportunity for practitioners/policy makers throughout the world to gain timely insights on the diversity of policy/institutional reforms, experiences and approaches in dealing with land issues in infrastructure projects.
- To promote awareness and disseminate information regarding policy developments in Management of Land Acquisition, Resettlement and Rehabilitation (MLARR)
- To promote knowledge about good practices in planning and implementation of resettlement programs.
- To share knowledge and experiences in benefit sharing across projects/sectors
- To foster mutual cooperation, collaboration, research and networking amongst regional organizations and governments in the field of MLARR.
Last Updated (Monday, 8 April 2013)
New Book: Bort-les-Orgues, Words under the Lake: Words and Witness Accounts
Title: Bort-les-Orgues, les mots sous le lac. Récits et témoignages, Privat, 2012
Translation: Bort-les-Orgues, Words under the Lake: Words and Witness Accounts
Author: Armelle Faure
The dam of Bort-les-Orgues in France (a lake of 22 kilometers long on the Dordogne River) has displaced 140 families 60 years ago. The dam has always been considered as a feat of engineering, among the tallest dams in Europe at that time, but the rural families who lived there have been forgotten too long. 31 witnesses talk about the life that they had in their beloved side of the Dordogne, in their farms, with the cattle, and their social life after the end of WWII. When the three train stations that took people to Paris were drown by the artificial lake, they have lost their transport connections and all the commercial activities related. The aristocratic family d’Arcy had to abandon their medieval castle, as the productive farms, land and wood were destroyed. The château de Val stands on the side of the artificial lake, surrounded by the water. No one wanted to move far from their former settlement, although, with the submersion of the land, they had lost their farming activity. The 62 households of Port-Dieu have fought for the creation of a new village in Confolent, on the hill above the submerged Port-Dieu, in order to stay together. With the help of the prime minister Henri Queuille, they won they fight. The words recorded and transcribed in the book are very moving and they have a profoundly universal tone, both with dignity and emotion. The international norms have been built and improved along the XX°c. Today people are displaced and resettled with more effective planning and action. Development agents around the world can learn about the experience of the displaced people of the Dordogne Valley. They witnesses tell how important it is to listen to the needs of local communities and of individual households.
Last Updated (Monday, 8 April 2013)
Oxford International Conference on Development-induced Displacement and Resettlement
The International Conference on Development-induced Displacement and Resettlement took place on 22-23 March at Oxford. This Conference is a volunteer initiative of PhD Candidates and hosted by the Refugee Studies Centre. It aimed to revive the discussions on DIDR and to facilitate critical engagement with the current impasse. It will facilitate cross-communication between different stakeholders, disciplines and perspectives; and will seek to bridge research and practice with a view to fill the knowledge gaps and move the DIDR studies forward.
For further information and registration, see http://www.didrconference.org/index.html.
The Full Program is available here.
Last Updated (Friday, 5 April 2013)